Eco Travel or Ecotourism in South America and around the world has become an important part of the tourism industry. Some people choose to take part in eco tours due to their environmental consciousness and love of nature and / or to be immersed in another countries culture. South America is home to 12 independent countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela.
There are countless ‘must see’ adventures and activities to experience and enjoy, we have endeavoured to list a mere few of these ‘must see’ places and highly recommend you purchase a travel guide book or spend time reading travel reviews online and talking to people who have been to South America, to help give you a general guide of where to go and what to do. Alternatively, you may be booking through a travel company who offer specialist eco tours and have a set itinerary of popular tourist ‘must see’ places.
The Amazon Rainforest
The world’s biggest rainforest known as the Amazon Rainforest or Amazonia resides in South America with the majority of the forest contained within Brazil. This amazing region includes territory belonging to nine nations and represents over half of our planets remaining rainforests. The Amazon is the most species-rich tract of tropical rainforest in the world, a feature truly appreciated by nature enthusiasts. There are numerous tour and expedition operators’ available offering adventure travelers unique experiences that take them deep into the Amazon jungle, far from civilization. Cruise the Amazon River, take part in piranha fishing and bird watching, go on unforgettable jungle treks and explore flooded jungle.
The Andes Mountain Ranges
Situated along the west coast of the continent, these outstanding ranges stretch 4,500 miles from north to south, making them the longest and one of the highest mountain ranges in the world. The Andres are made up of three natural regions, each with differing climates. Outdoor adventure lovers will adore this natural playground. Take part in guided treks or horseback tours that encounter forests, canyons, archaeological sites, waterfalls and lagoons.
The Icy Landscapes and Wildlife of Patagonia
Patagonia is located in the southernmost portion of South America. Beautiful glaciers, lakes, National Parks and Reserves make up the Patagonia landscape. Wildlife lovers will appreciate the infinite number of sea birds, seals, sea lions, whales and last but not least, the natural observatory at Port Madryn which has the largest colony of penguins in the region.
The Angel Falls, Venezuela
This astounding work of nature is the world’s tallest waterfall measuring 979m in height. The Angel Falls can be found in the Canaima National Park in the Gran Sabana region of Bolivar State, Venezuela. Take in the magnificence of the falls with either a canoe or motorized boat tour or alternatively by helicopter or plane trip. If travelling during the rainy season of June – October you will see the Angel Falls in all its grandeur. The effect is simply not the same during the dry season of January to April.
This remarkable continent offers a diverse range of breathtaking natural geographic & wildlife eco travel adventure tours and attractions. Deciding which countries and regions to explore will require a lot of thought as each has something unique and wonderful to offer.